The software analyzes the text in documents and then identifies the most significant words and phrases in particular categories--ones that appear often across many different documents. It then teases out the early appearances of those bits of language to pinpoint the documents that most likely contained ideas that influenced those in other documents. The algorithms can continue to run as items are added to a collection of documents over time.
The researchers tested their algorithms on three large archives containing thousands of journal articles. The papers that the software identified as being influential were also ones that had been cited highly, they found. But their method also provided new insights. In some cases, articles that weren't cited much were identified as influential. The researchers discovered that these were often early discussions on an important subject. Sometimes articles that were highly cited were not identified as influential; in these cases, the researchers believed that the articles were important resources but did not present new ideas.
The Caltech device is remarkably simple. A system of microscopic channels called microfluidics lead a sample across the light-sensing chip, which snaps images in rapid succession as the sample passes across. Unlike previous iterations, there are no other parts. Earlier versions featured pinhole apertures and an electrokinetic drive for moving cells in a fixed orientation with an electric field. In the new device, this complexity is eliminated thanks to a clever design and more sophisticated software algorithms. Samples flow through the channel because of a tiny difference in pressure from one end of the chip to the other. The device's makers call it a subpixel resolving optofluidic microscope, or SROFM.
Over the course of the program in the Software Track, funded performers will be developing algorithms that enables the DARPA robot to execute these numerous tasks. DARPA is also making an identical robot available for public use. Allowing anyone the opportunity to write software, test it in simulation, upload it to the actual system, and then watch, in real-time via the internet, as the DARPA robot executes the user’s software. Teams involved in this Outreach Track will be able to compete and collaborate with other teams from around the country.
This article is all about empowering you, the expert programmer (for almost any definition of expert ;)), with more powerful tools that let you unleash your creativity without being limited by the default IDE.
With Eclipse, you will have code completion, better code navigation, syntax highlighting and the whole shebang!
So from here onwards I am assuming that you have already familiarized yourself with regular Arduino development. If not, then go ahead and do it (should not take too long) then come back for a better deal or just stay the course if you don’t mind a little suspense.
"The only way many people will get medical care at all is if [a medical worker] can walk or ride a bike to a rural area carrying all the medical equipment they need," says Una Ryan, CEO of Diagnostics For All, a company that's developing single-use paper diagnostic tests. Paper is cheap, lightweight, and easy to dispose of by burning. The company has patterned postage-stamp-sized pieces of paper with channels that wick blood and other fluids into an area treated with chemicals that change color to indicate, for example, elevated liver enzymes that reveal an AIDS patient is on the wrong drugs. The simple color-change reaction can provide critical information that lets doctors know whether a patient is in danger. "We don't need water or electricity," says Ryan.
"I think work should be about making things work. Better. Faster. Smaller. Smarter. So I build bridges between what's known and what's not. I tinker. I toil. I write poetically in an abundance of languages (including code). I hack. I dissect. I have an insatiable desire to un-complicate the complicated. I am easily inspired. I believe that just because it hasn't been thought of doesn't mean it won't be. Potential is my thrill ride. Imagination is my most-used tool. I am a maker, and I am what moves the world forward."
“The potential is here to make analytical chemistry a subject for the masses rather than something that is only done by specialists,” Scheeline said. “There’s no doubt that getting the cost of equipment down to the point where more people can afford them in the education system is a boon for everybody.”